Knee Replacement Surgery – A Highly Beneficial Procedure For Knee Patients Of All Ages
The primary aim a Knee Replacement is to help the patients suffering from extreme knee pain, inflammation, swelling and sometimes these symptoms limit the patients severely from performing the simple routine activities. There are non-surgical treatment options available, which can increase the functioning of the knee joint. But for many these methods don’t prove useful enough and this is when a Knee Replacement procedure can help. In this, the surgeon gets rid of the damaged sections of bone that are there at the end of the femur, which is the thigh-bone and at the top of the tibia, that is the shin-bone and replaces them with prosthetic components made up of metal or plastic.
There are many advantages of a Knee Replacement surgery:
•The patients get maximum relief from the highly discomforting and persistent pain
•Owing to the advancement in the surgical techniques, only the affected portions of the knee can be removed or replaced
•Improves the quality of life of the patients
•Enhances the range of motion and knee joint’s mobility
Causes of Knee Pain
A Knee Replacement surgery is often recommended, when the harm caused to the knee is very severe and the repair is not possible using traditional treatment or non-surgical methods like physiotherapy, pain relief injections and medications. Some of the Knee diseases for which this procedure is suggested are:
•Injuries caused by injuries
•Serious injuries caused during sports activities
•Bone Dysplasias, in which there is unusual bone growth
•Bone death occurred in the Knee joint because of hindrances caused in blood supply
The treatment or the choice of surgical procedure depends on the patient’s requirements and the surgeon’s judgement and approach.
For Knee problems, there are many traditional forms of treatment like medications, pain relief injection and physiotherapy. There are many who benefit from these modes of treatment but there are patients for whom these methods fail to provide any relief. This is when such patients are recommended a surgical option that is the low cost of knee replacement surgery in India.
There are different types Knee Replacement surgeries possible today:
•Total Knee Replacement
oThere are two variations and they are:
Removal of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament (posterior- stabilized) and
Preservation of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament (Cruciate-retaining)
•Unicompartmental or Partial Knee Replacement – Only the damaged area of the knee is replaced without the nearby areas being affected
•Kneecap Replacement also known as Patellofemoral Arthroplasty)
•Complex or Revision Knee Replacement
•Osteotomy – this procedure is helpful if only one compartment of the knee is affected and helps patients mostly below the age of 40 and want to return to high level of activities; more specifically sports activity
There are different approaches that are practiced today, such as:
•The traditional approach, which involves a making long incision, longer hospital stay and longer recovery period
•Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement Surgery, in which the steps are quite similar to the traditional surgery but the incision, is smaller, faster recovery, patient gets on the feet much earlier. Minimally invasive surgery facilitates in preserving more muscle and other soft tissues surrounding the knee but surely is a technically challenging procedure
oTypes of Minimally Invasive approach are:
Quadriceps-sparing approaches and
•Computer-assisted Surgery (CAS) – Some surgeons use computer assistance system while performing a Knee Replacement for apt alignment of prosthesis.
The success rates for this procedure have surely gone up over the years with such advanced surgical approaches coming up. Further, the usage of progressive kind of surgical equipment is also boosting the success rates. These kinds of equipment have enhanced the surgical capabilities of the Knee Replacement surgeons. More and more patients are opting for this procedure very confidently looking at the extremely successful track record around the globe.
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There is no doubt that Knee Replacement procedure has come a long way. Today, this procedure has become one of the most frequently availed procedures, when it comes to Joint Replacement surgeries. As there are more and more updated Knee Replacement techniques being added to the field of Orthopaedics, the precision level of Knee Replacement surgery has touched new levels of success and bringing out the best and most positive outcomes, ensuring maximum benefits for the patients.
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